Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (steatohepatitis) is the accumulation of fat in liver cells impairing liver function and is one of the most common forms of liver disease that is mainly related to increased obesity around the world. Approximately half of the cases can progress to more severe forms of the disease like liver cirrhosis and cancer.
The most common risk factors for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis are obesity, diabetes, carbohydrate-rich diet with rapid absorption and saturated fat, rapid weight loss, viral hepatitis, insulin resistance, elevated LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, high levels of estrogen, surgeries and sedentary lifestyle.
In mild cases of steatohepatitis, the disease is asymptomatic (it does not have symptoms), with slow and gradual evolution being the most common signs and symptoms pains, fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite and increase of the liver.
The good news is that it is reversible, and the best way to treat steatohepatitis is to reduce body weight by changing eating habits, regular physical exercise and a healthy lifestyle.
One of the diets that have positive results in improving cases of steatohepatitis is the Mediterranean low carb diet, which has a reduced carbohydrate content, high in antioxidants, high in fibre and with a good amount of healthy fats and lean proteins.
There are some foods and their compounds that can help prevent and treat a fatty liver disease like ginger, green tea, coffee, turmeric, broccoli, nuts, avocado, garlic, fish that contains omega 3, citrus fruits among others.
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